NTFS Vs FAT32: Which File System is Best?

NTFS vs FAT32

A file system is a structure that allows the computer or the operating system to organize data on the hard disk. If you are installing Hardisk Drive, then you have to create a partition on it and have to format it. In the Windows Base operating system, you usually have two options. The first is FAT32 and the second is NTFS. In this article, we will discuss about the detail difference between NTFS vs FAT32.

Now let’s see the small introduction of both file system i.e FAT32 and NTFS.

FAT32

The file allocation table was created by Bill Gates and Mark McDonald in 1977. Since then, there have been a lot of changes in this. By the time 4 GB hard disk was popular, then by now, it was 16, and after that 32 came. 32 in 32 means that data is saved as 32 bit.

NTFS

NTFS or new technology file system was created by Microsoft and IBM. It was introduced in the Windows NT platform in 1993. Since then, this usually gets noticed in the Windows-based server operating system or in Windows-XP and above operating system.

Now let’s see the difference between NTFS Vs FAT32 file system.

FAT32

  • In this, the size of the file can be as much as 4GB (minus 2 bytes) can be of that means that about 4 GB the file you can create in it.
  • It has less fault tolerance.
  • The operating system FAT32 maintain 2 copies of the file allocation table. And if for some reason such a process has been corrupt in the case of power failure, then it can be stored by the backup.
  • Apart from this, FAT32 is less secure.
  • It meets the security cable share permissions.
  • Your system remains secure from this network i.e. the data placed above your system can be accessed according to permissions.
  • It is locally vulnerable. And the individual who is accessing your system can use all files and folders that are kept on it in any way.
  • In FAT32, there is no any file compression feature. Means you can’t compress the data in this.
  • You can convert FAT32 into NTFS in any time.

Also read: What are Zip and Rar file? How to open and create Zip and Rar files?

NTFS

  • In this, you can make 244 Bytes or 16 TB (-64KB) size file. That is, the maximum size of the file is about 16TB.
  • In it, there is more fault tolerance.
  • It keeps Log on the changes in the disc.
  • And in the case of any cracking, such that if suddenly the power fails, then it fixes the repair of the file system with auto repair. And also in the background, in most cases of the heirs, it does not seem to know whether the auto repair feature is repairing the NTFS or not.
  • The NTFS is more secure as compared to FAT32.
  • NTFS allows you to set permissions on local files and folders as well.
  • NTFS provide security in both network and locally.
  • In this file system, lets you compress files and folders.
  • You can’t convert NTFS into FAT32.

Now let’s see the difference between NTFS vs FAT32 in Table Form,

FAT32NTFS
Maximum File 4GB (Minus 2 bytes)Maximum File Size 244 bytes (16 TB minus 64 KB)
Low Fault ToleranceMore Fault Tolerance
Maintains 2 copies of File Allocation TableMaintains a Log of Disk changes
Less SecureMore Secure
Depend on Share PermissionsAllows you to set permission on local files and folder as well
No Compression FeatureLets you compress files and folders
Locally Vulnerable
Good in Network

The conclusion of NTFS vs FAT32

From NTFS and FAT32 you can choose the file system according to your need. Where FAT32 is a simple file system and due to its simplicity, it is popular in the storage medium such as memory cards, USB Pendrives, Mp3 players, or flash drives. But if you need features like security and compression then, in that case, you should choose NTFS.

I hope the difference between these two NTFS vs FAT32 file system will help you to understand.

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